What is the history of tattooing

History of tattooing

Captain James Cook described1769how the natives of Tahiti painted "tattaus" on their bodies by indelibly bringing black paint in the form of birds or dogs under the skin. The word tattoo or tattoo has since been found almost unchanged in many European languages.
The culture of tattooing has a long tradition worldwide. An approximately 7,000 year old mummy with tattoos on its hands and feet was found in northern Chile. Ötzi's mummy proves that in Europe, too, signs were stabbed into the skin more than 5000 years ago. Evidence of permanent body painting was found in wall paintings in the Sahara and in Egyptian tombs one discovered tattoo instruments from the 4th millennium. The Scythians, who lived between the 8th and 2nd centuries BC BC resided in the Caucasus, large and elaborate tattoos were particularly popular.

Marks and stigma of tattoos

Symbols such as crosses, fish or the initial of Jesus were used by the early Christian communities as a mute identification mark. Pope Hadrian I associated tattooing with paganism and, in the 8th century AD, commanded that God's creation should not be defaced by skin marks. The crusaders in the Middle Ages, however, stabbed a cross in their skin so that they could be sure of a Christian resting place in Muslim countries. Coptic Christians inEgypt indicate their religious affiliation with a tattooed cross on the inside of the right wrist.
Throughout history, tattoos have been widely used as a form of ostracism by criminals and prostitutes.
In Japan during the Edo period (1603–1868) Tattoos are widespread among prostitutes and workers. From 1720, tattooing criminals replaced amputation of the nose and ears as an official punishment. Those who were drawn in this way belonged to the outlawed class for which there was no place in good society. The association of tattoos and crime has survived in Japan to this day.
As in years 1890 When the electric tattoo machine was invented, tattoos also spread in European society. Beginning of 20th century However, one saw them almost only among sailors, members of the underworld and former prisoners. Soldiers also often had themselves tattooed so that their bodies could be identified on the battlefield.
The Nazis also used tattoos for different purposes: The members of the SS had blood group tattoos on their left, inner upper arm, while the prisoners in concentration camps were given identification numbers tattooed on their forearms.

Tattooing fad

The stigmatization of tattoos only disappeared in the second half of the 20th century, and in the 1990s there was even a real fashion trend. The fact that many actors in the music and cultural scene showed their tattoos publicly also contributed to general social acceptance. According to this, tattoos only have more in western societyJewelry function.

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