Which doctor treats swollen lymph nodes

Swelling of the lymph nodes (Swollen glands, swollen lymph glands, lymphadenopathy)

The lymphatic system (lymph nodes, lymph vessels), like the blood vessels, runs through the whole body. As part of the body's own defense system (immune system), it helps to fight off pathogens. The lymph nodes take on the function of filter stations in which the lymph (tissue water) is cleaned of foreign bodies and pathogens.

Lymph nodes are spread all over the body. They are particularly numerous on the neck, on the lower edge of the jaw, in the groin, in the armpits and in the area of ​​the internal organs.

The size and shape of the lymph nodes vary: in the jaw area they are flat and around 1 cm (bean-shaped), around 0.5 cm and round (lenticular) in the neck, and around 1.5 cm and oblong in the groin

Body part, consistency, painfulness and mobility of the swollen lymph nodes give first indications of the possible causes:

  • Lymph node swelling only in one part of the body, e.g. on the neck with sore throats
  • Swollen lymph nodes in different parts of the body, e.g. in lymph gland cancer
  • Normal lymph nodes are relatively soft, elastic and can be pushed back and forth a little.
  • Inflamed lymph nodes are painful and feel firmer.
  • Lymph nodes affected by cancer are harder, not painful and hardly or not at all movable

Possible accompanying symptoms: Signs of infection (e.g. signs of a cold: red throat, fever, runny nose, sore throat, etc.), rash, pain, weight loss, night sweats