What are the benefits of softwood

Pine wood - the advantages and disadvantages

Pine wood - the advantages and disadvantages

Pine is one of the most common types of wood in European forests. Pine wood is used in almost all areas of wood processing and it is easy to work with.

In Central Europe, the pine is the second most common type of forest tree and it belongs to the group of conifers. Pine wood occurs particularly in the large, damp and cool forest areas in Germany, Poland, Russia and Scandinavia.

If the pine wood comes from these regions, then it is called Nordic pine wood. Pine wood is grown outside of Europe in parts of South America, America, and Asia. Pine wood is used all over the world to reforest forests because it grows very quickly.

As domestic wood, pine wood has short transport routes and so it can be processed quickly and cheaply. Pine wood is used for many everyday items, such as paper.

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The look

In the case of pine wood, the color is whitish-yellow and this can go to reddish-yellow. Over time, the wood can darken and then it turns reddish-brown.

Thanks to the treatment with wood preservatives, the natural re-coloration can be slowed down. Pine wood has a clear grain and this is characterized by contrasting medium-brown annual rings.

There are also knotholes and irregularities. In the pine wood, the resin channels are visible to the naked eye and if pine wood is fresh, it smells very intensely of tree resin.

The properties

The pine wood can be processed very well because it belongs to the medium-hard woods. The wood does not break easily and is elastic.

If pine wood has not been treated, it is not very weather-resistant. The wood can rot quickly if it comes into contact with earth.

Treatment with wood preservatives can significantly extend the service life of pine wood. Pine wood is sensitive to high temperatures and then resin can leak out.

The shrinkage of pine wood is moderate and the wood can warp easily when the ambient climate changes. The damp pine wood is particularly susceptible to attack by blue stain.

The fungi have no effect on the basic strength of the wood, but the light-colored pine wood is discolored. In addition, the paint is destroyed. Pine wood products can fade in sunlight and should therefore only be exposed to sunlight evenly.

The usage

The pine wood is mainly used in furniture construction and there, for example, for chairs, tables or cabinets made of solid wood.

Pine wood is also used as a veneer. Pine wood can also be bought as sawn and round wood and is used in the manufacture of fiberboard and chipboard.

Pine wood plays a central role in the production of cellulose and paper. Pine wood is used as construction and construction timber in many door frames, window frames, wooden cladding and roof structures. Pine wood is used as fuel in appropriate heating systems, because the burning qualities are very good.

The advantages

  • The wood is light in weight
  • The processing properties are good
  • The environmental balance is good because it is native wood
  • The wood is cheap

The disadvantages

  • The color of the wood changes when exposed to sunlight
  • The wood is susceptible to blue fungus
  • The wood is not weatherproof

The prices

Pine wood is a popular material in furniture construction and also in many other sawn timber products. The price for pine wood is made up of various factors.

On the one hand, there is the origin of the felling, the industrial processing and the quality of the individual types of pine wood. There are also major deviations in the price of this popular wood.

The comparison with other types of wood and the difference with regard to the final use of this popular type of wood also appear interesting.

A comparison of sawn timber

You will certainly have already got to know this type of wood yourself and you are also familiar with the properties of its robustness. Sawn timber is obtained industrially and with a price of around 310-370 per m³ this type of wood is one of the more affordable types.

This guide price refers to the quality I / II, which is one of the lesser types of this type of wood. You can purchase high-quality pine wood in furniture construction, which is offered as sawn timber, at a price of around 460 to 570 euros per m³.

So this highest quality level even ranks in the price level with spruce wood. Pine wood is therefore considered to be an inexpensive softwood with a very interesting pattern and very good qualities. Hardwoods are in a price range that is very different from pinewood.

Other types of wood

Hardwoods are actually harder and therefore more sustainable types of wood. For you, however, that does not mean that the wood of the pine does not have a useful life of several hundred years.

If you put the price difference between pine wood and beech in relation to this, you will discover that the m³ beech wood is around 310 euros more expensive than comparable pine wood.

This has to do with the factor of growth and durability, because on the one hand beech trees grow very slowly and longer times are to be assumed here when they are used. This also applies in a comparable way to the calorific value of beech and pine wood.

Oak wood is even around 510, - Euro per m³ more expensive than pine wood and there you can clearly see the classification of the price classes between softwoods and hardwoods.

Special types of pine

Individual pinewoods from the high Alps, for example, and the Weymouth pine or also called strobe, which is imported from North America, beats all price records of comparable softwoods when it comes to price as model construction wood.

It is of course interesting that these varieties are not always available in sufficient quantities on the market and so the price can differ.

It also depends on the individual importers of these special pine woods, which allow their design to flow into the price.

Industrial pine and logs from pine trees

Let's take a look at the local pine trees and their prices. Logs are traded for around 70 to 90 euros per cubic meter after felling. Domestic spruce is traded here in this segment of logging logs for 90 - 110 euros per cubic meter.

Here, too, the price differs depending on the quantity available. Industrial Pine, which is used as construction and useful timber in industry, costs around 25 euros per cubic meter.

In comparison, for spruce wood of the same quality you have to reckon with around 29 euros per cubic meter as the offer price.


Hardwood is considered to have the highest material density and the best calorific value. Accordingly, the price of hardwood as fuel is very high.

Compare the cheap pine wood price in comparison and with appropriately processed mixed products such as wood pellets made of pine, the products achieve considerable calorific values ​​despite the low price.

Pine wood is also a popular product for heating with wood and this results in profitability in the price-performance ratio for pine wood.