Why are parabens added to cosmetics

Parabens in cosmetic products -
Research results 2016


Various esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid, also called pHB esters or parabens, may be added to cosmetic products as preservatives according to European cosmetics law in order to prevent possible contamination of the products during use. Animal experiments have shown that some parabens can affect the endocrine system. German and European scientific bodies took this as an opportunity to reassess the use of these substances in cosmetic products. The unanimous conclusion was that, based on the data available up to the current maximum amount of 0.4% (calculated as acid), methyl and ethyl parabens can be regarded as safe for all population groups. For the use of propyl and butyl paraben, a lowering of the maximum amount to a total of 0.19% (corresponds to 0.14% calculated as acid) was recommended by the experts and has now been adopted into EU cosmetics law. This is stipulated by Regulation (EU) No. 1004/2014. Due to the immature metabolism of babies and the possibility of skin injuries in the diaper area, the use of propyl and butyl parabens in agents that remain on the skin and which are designed for use in the diaper area of ​​children under three years of age has also been banned by the said regulation . The use of five other parabens - isopropyl, isobutyl, phenyl, benzyl and pentyl paraben - has already been approved by an (EG