How can I make money with UberEats
Decision against Uber-Eats - is the minimum wage for food couriers coming?
The US company Uber has to pay its food suppliers in Switzerland a minimum wage because the company will be subject to the postal law in the future.
No, he hadn't heard anything about this decision, says the Uber Eats driver in Zurich, one of those misshapen cubes on his back, it's lunchtime. No, Postcom don't tell him anything. "Never heard of it," says the food courier. But yes, of course he does not oppose more wages. "But first I have to deliver the food." Say it and drive off on your bike.
The news has not yet got through to all areas, but it should have a major impact on the work of the couriers. Last week the postal authority Postcom decided that the services of UberEats would be rated as a postal service and that the US company would fall under the postal law. In the future, an Uber Eats courier will have to work under a collective agreement, be employed, better insured - and very likely earn more.
The postal supervisory authority Postcom has been commissioned by the Federal Council to monitor the quality of the basic postal service. It is practically the finma in the postal industry. It determines who falls under the Postal Act and whether it is complied with. If not, she can hand out hefty busses. Because, for example, the postal subsidiary Epsilon did not adhere to the minimum wage in 2019, the company had to reimburse the wages and pay a fine of 180,000 francs.(czu)
Today a courier is considered to be self-employed. This means that UberEats does not pay him any retirement provisions, no vacation bonuses, the accident insurance is limited, and he alone bears the entrepreneurial risks: If the customers are not hungry and do not order food, the driver has to wait and earn nothing (read the case of Kurier Mari ).
They receive CHF 1.50 per kilometer
In general, the remuneration is modest. Uber Eats drivers are billed per kilometer: they receive 4 francs for each pick-up, 1.50 francs per kilometer and another 1.50 francs for each delivery. An example: if a courier delivers four pizzas valued at 100 francs two kilometers, then he earns 8.50 francs. UberEats in turn receives 30 percent of the value of the goods delivered from the restaurant, in this case 30 francs. Gross.
In the past, wages repeatedly caused disputes. UberEats says that under the current regime, a courier earns an average of 21 francs an hour during mealtimes. The Unia union disagrees. She assumes effective hourly wages of around 10 francs, because waiting is part of the work for many couriers (read the interview on the new gig jobs).
Postcom's decision would overturn the UberEats model. Postcom assumes that the drivers are firstly employed and secondly are entitled to minimum wages. However, the US group can file a complaint with the Federal Administrative Court until January. When asked, a media spokeswoman said: "We only recently received the statement from Postcom and will now analyze it in order to evaluate the next steps."
A long trial looms
If you take Uber's behavior over the past few years as a yardstick, there will be a complaint. Uber has repeatedly delayed judgments from courts in recent years, as unions criticized. This also shows the back and forth between Postcom and UberEats, there is talk of an “extensive correspondence”. Since January 2020, the process had been underway, the tech firm was trying at all costs to prevent it from falling under the Postal Act (available against Uber).
But what does the decision mean for couriers on the road? At Postcom, people are covered. They want to wait and see how Uber reacts. That is why one cannot make any forecasts. The unions fluctuate between euphoria and skepticism - the mood also has to do with their own interests. At Unia, they want to analyze the decision first, but there is no real joy. Because Postcom decided indirectly that Uber Eats couriers will probably become members of the rival union, the Syndicom, in the future. This is the home of the couriers. Accordingly, the mood is livelier there. «That is a very good decision. This is a marked improvement for most couriers, ”says Central Secretary David Roth.
New minimum wage: 20.65 francs
UberEats must in future comply with standard industry working conditions and, in this case, join the couriers' collective employment contract. This promises the food suppliers a minimum wage of CHF 20.65 per hour; For regular Sunday work, a surcharge of 5 percent, plus 30 centimes bike expenses per hour. In addition, the minimum working time of three hours must not be undercut. The latter point is particularly important, says Roth. "This prevents the couriers from having to work on a minute-by-minute basis." He speaks of a "key decision". This also includes other courier services such as Eat.ch and Smood. However, restaurants that deliver their own food are not affected by the reporting requirement.
Roth also finds it difficult to predict when a CLA will take effect. In the best case scenario, it will be ready in a few months. In the worse case, it will be carried off again. It depends on the behavior of Uber and the authorities. Postcom's decision is a rare example of an authority taking action against providers of the so-called gig economy such as Airbnb or Uber.
The jobs of the future should come from the gig economy. Their main feature: flexible and possible on demand, supported by Internet platforms that link demand and supply. Be it for holiday apartments (Airbnb), cleaning staff (Batmaid), taxis (Uber) or even food deliveries (Uber Eats, Eat.ch, Smood). The Federal Statistical Office collected data on this branch of the economy for 2019 and found that 116,000 people in Switzerland work via these platforms. Three quarters of them do this sporadically. (czu)
Many cantons take the position that a groundbreaking judgment is needed before they can intervene. So wait. Geneva is an exception. The canton designated UberEats as its employer in September, and the tech company has had to employ its couriers and pay social benefits ever since. UberEats is taking the decision to the federal court, but has to implement it now.
The couriers on the streets are only moderately interested in such legal skirmishes, they usually don't even notice them. Above all, one thing is decisive: the wages. The higher the better.
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