How was the Titanic built

The world of NG: Discovery of the Titanic

Exactly 25 years ago - on September 1, 1985 - the wreck of the legendary "Titanic" was found.

The "Titanic" was considered unsinkable, a marvel of shipbuilding. In the early morning of April 15, 1912, on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York, she sank southeast of Newfoundland after colliding with an iceberg. With it sank a good 1,500 passengers and crew members.

“I couldn't believe my eyes,” wrote the underwater archaeologist Robert “Bob” Ballard 73 years later in the cover story of our December 1985 issue. It was one of the greatest moments in the life of the researcher who works as a scientific advisor to the National Geographic Society. For months he and a French team had searched for the wreck of the "Titanic", which was resting at a depth of 3800 meters, analyzed currents, calculated positions and waited for good weather. In June 1985 the French ship “Le Suroit” examined the sea area with deep sonar. And finally the unmanned submersible “Argo” was launched. On the night of September 1, 1985 - 25 years ago - it recorded the first films of the "Titanic", which was broken into several parts, and a camera took photos.

Everything has changed since then. Souvenir hunters looted the ship, specialist companies enable diving tourism, the wreck is rotting away. In 2004 Ballard sent the robot "Hercules" down - and was appalled by the state of the "Titanic". On his initiative, Britain and the United States signed a treaty to protect the calm of the dead in the deep sea. But there are still trips to the most famous wreck in the world

(NG, issue 9/2010, page (s) 8)