How old is Europe 1
The EU - what is it?
to the overview KNOWLEDGE
This is how it all began: On May 9, 1950, the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman presented a first plan to the public, the "Schuman Plan". This plan said that certain countries in Europe should work together.
And indeed, some countries decided to move closer together on their continent and work towards a peaceful and united Europe. That is why May 9th is officially "Europe Day": on this day the European Union celebrates its birthday.
On April 18, 1951, these six countries signed a first treaty: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
The "Treaty of Rome" - European Economic Community EEC
Over the years, the heads of state and government of these countries met again and again to find ways of closer economic, political and social cooperation. On March 25, 1957, they signed the so-called "Treaty of Rome" in Rome.
In doing so, they committed themselves to peaceful cooperation between their countries. This signing of the contract was the "hour of birth" of the European Economic Community (EEC).
Maastricht Treaty - European Union EU
On February 7, 1992, the foreign and finance ministers of the member states signed the so-called Maastricht Treaty. About a year and a half later, on November 1, 1993, it came into force.
With the Treaty of Maastricht, the European Union (EU) was founded - twelve states were there at the time. In doing so, they agreed on a common economic and financial policy.
In 1995 three more states were added. On May 1, 2004, with the eastward expansion of the EU, the number of member states rose to 25 and with the accession of Romania and Bulgaria on January 1, 2007 to 27 member states. As the newest EU country, Croatia has been a member of the international community since July 1, 2013. Great Britain left with Brexit on January 31, 2020. The EU has had 27 members since then.
Organization and rules
There are now many joint agreements and all member states have to adhere to certain treaties and laws.
There are many individual organizations in the EU for the cooperation to work. For example the European Parliament in Strasbourg, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg and the European Central Bank in Frankfurt.
Nineteen of the EU countries have agreed on a common currency: the euro.
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