Persimmon is a mixture of different fruits

Persimmon, Persimmon and Sharon: What Are the Differences?

Persimmon, persimmon and sharon can hardly be distinguished visually. In fact, the exotic fruits are related to each other. The respective fruit trees all belong to the genus of ebony trees (Diospyros), also called date or god plums. If you take a closer look, you can see differences in the size, shape and shell thickness of the fruit. In the following we present the exotic species in more detail.

Persimmon, persimmon and sharon: the differences in brief

The persimmon is the orange to reddish fruit of the persimmon tree (Diospyros kaki). It has a rounded shape and a thick shell. Since it contains many tannins when unripe, you wait until it has softened before consuming it. Cultivated forms of the persimmon are traded as persimmon and sharon. The persimmon is elongated, the sharon is flatter and smaller. Since the tannins are usually removed from them, they can be enjoyed even when they are solid.

What is a persimmon

Kaki is the name given to the edible fruit of the persimmon tree (Diospyros kaki), also known as persimmon plum. The fruit tree originally comes from Asia, botanically it belongs to the ebony family (Ebenaceae). The smooth-skinned fruits have a rounded shape and when ripe they turn orange to reddish. A thick, leather-like shell surrounds the sweet, soft flesh. In our stores, the ‘Tipo’ variety is mainly to be found as persimmon. It is the main variety in Italy. The weight of the round fruits is around 180 to 250 grams.

When unripe, persimmons contain many tannins, so-called tannins, with an astringent effect. They leave a contracting, furry feeling in the mouth. Consumption of the fruit is therefore only recommended when it is fully ripe: Only then have the bitter substances broken down to such an extent that the sweet aroma comes into its own. The taste of the soft, glassy flesh is reminiscent of apricots and pears. Basically, you can eat the peel of the persimmon fruit - only the goblet and seeds should be removed. Since the peel is very firm, the persimmon is usually peeled. Tip: As with kiwis, you can simply spoon the pulp out of the skin.

We mainly sell the persimmon variety K Rojo Brillante ’as persimmon. Their main growing area is in the Valencia region in Spain. The fruits are very large, their weight is 250 to 300 grams. In cross section, the persimmon also appears rounded, but in longitudinal section it has an elongated shape. The orange-yellow skin turns bright red when it is fully ripe, and the flesh then also takes on a reddish-orange color. Before the persimmons make their way to Germany, the tannins are removed from them. This means that the firm fruits are already edible. You can just bite into it - like an apple.

What is a Sharon?

The seedless Sharon fruits are cultivated varieties from Israel. They owe their name to the fertile coastal plain on the Mediterranean, the Sharon Plain, in which they were first cultivated. We mainly market the ‘Triumph’ persimmon variety as Sharon or Sharon fruit. In the longitudinal section the fruit appears flattened, in the cross-section almost square. In contrast to the persimmon, its skin color is also a little lighter. In the case of the Sharon fruit, the tannins are also greatly reduced, so that it can already be consumed in the solid state. Since the fruits only have a thin skin, they do not need to be peeled. Their taste is sweet and reminiscent of peach and sugar melon.

Tips on cultivation and harvest

Are you considering growing persimmons yourself? A warm, protected location and a permeable, humus and nutrient-rich soil are important for the persimmon tree. Persimmons are harvested from October - usually only after the leaves have fallen from the tree. If possible, the fruits are picked before the first frost. If the persimmons are still very firm and therefore not fully ripe, they can ripen in the house. To do this, you put them next to an apple, which accelerates the ripening process. No matter which type of persimmon you ultimately choose: The fruits are all rich in fiber and beta-carotene (provitamin A).

In this video we will show you how to properly prune a persimmon tree.
Credit: Production: Folkert Siemens / Camera and Editing: Fabian Primsch