How do I draw smoother longer strokes

Hatching and hatching



Why people like to use the technique of hatching is easy to explain: When trying to draw and fill a large area evenly with a sharp pen, such as a pencil or fountain pen, you quickly reach the limits of a sharp pen brings itself. Because it is almost impossible to completely design or paint a large area with a fine point, a trick is used: many parallel lines are drawn so close to each other that the impression of a painted area is created. You don't draw the lines directly next to each other, but leave a little space between them. This simplification has nothing to do with laziness but with saving time and efficiency. Why do more when less is absolutely sufficient? Especially since the hatching is a pretty stylistic device that sets a hand drawing so outstandingly apart from the disdainful structurallessness of many digital drawings and photos. Hatching always stands for a graphic structure, for something striking and unique, for craftsmanship and personality. Hatching is something beautiful.
 
In this picture you can see that even filigree motifs can be depicted in detail with hatching. Except for the eyelashes and brows, everything on this eye has been drawn with hatching.



With hatching, we fool our human eyes and use many lines to simulate a smooth surface.
 

How do you hatch?

Take a pencil, grip it a little further and hold it at an angle. You hatch with a pencil held at an angle, possibly even with the broad side of the tip. Draw lots of parallel lines from your wrist. It is important that you do this very easily. Too much force or tension only leads to cramping. Your lines must be loose! Try to always use the same spacing so that you get a consistent picture. The smaller the spacing, the more lines you need for an area and the denser the hatching will be. For a light area you draw weak lines with wider spacing, for a dark area you draw thicker lines that are closer together.

 

Hatching tips.

Because it is often difficult to draw many lines parallel to each other, the following procedure is often chosen: While you repeatedly perform the same monotonous movement with your wrist and only draw one line at a time from bottom to top, you move your arm more evenly Speed ​​away to the side to fill the area. The wrist only takes care of one axis of movement, while the arm takes over the other axis. Alternatively, you can continue to pull the sheet consistently. That way, you'll make it easier for yourself to draw almost identical strokes.
Hatching is ideal for quick sketches. The lines can be used to indicate structures such as the tiles of a roof in a simple way:


So hatchings create structures!
 

What hatches are there and what are they suitable for?


Parallel hatching
As the name suggests, you are drawing many straight lines parallel to each other here. You can vary the intensity and gray value of the hatched area using the number, line thickness and spacing of the lines.
The parallel hatching is usually the stylistic means or the drawing technique that is generally understood by hatching. This technique is very easy to learn.

Cross hatch

If you place a second, offset hatching over a parallel hatch, you will get the cross hatching. The lines do not necessarily have to intersect at a 90 ° angle. By superimposing several parallel hatchings, the hatched area becomes much darker and more condensed. You can even superimpose several cross hatches, which gives you an even more homogeneous image.

The weaker you draw your lines, the paler the area becomes. Try it out for yourself. The situation is similar with the spacing between the individual lines. The larger you choose the distances, the more inhomogeneous and lighter the total area looks.  

Hatching - further examples

Even people can be drawn excellently with hatching:


Hatches work well for backgrounds or clothing. Hair can also be drawn with it:


Hatching is a graphic stylistic device:


People, trees, shadows - you can draw anything with one hatch. Condense the hatching in dark areas and weaken it in light areas:

Hatching also makes a drawing look like a drawing. White lines can be erased with eraser pens:


Blurring is unnecessary. With hatching, you have a pretty stylistic device that gives your drawing a handcrafted characteristic.

 
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