What are commas and quotation marks

The quotation marks as punctuation marks

(Use of the quotation marks in the German language)

When are quotation marks used (explanation)?

Quotation marks (colloquially also called quotes) are used in the German language to reproduce verbatim speeches (direct speeches) and quotations. However, there are other cases in which they are set. In detail, quotation marks are used as follows:

  1. For verbatim speeches:
    • Thomas said: "I'm hungry as a bear."
  2. For verbatim quotations:
    • My boss wrote in the resignation: "You can do a lot, but unfortunately not enough."
  3. If a word needs special emphasis or is meant ironically, quotation marks can also be used:
    • One should not always use the word “manager” when talking about senior executives.
    • I was, so to speak, "indisposable" and therefore couldn't come.
    • You absolutely have to try that, this is "the" novelty.
  4. Often the titles and names of newspapers, books, films, etc. are written in quotation marks:
    • Something like that can only be in the "picture".
    • The new film “Friendship sends greetings” will be in cinemas tomorrow.

What should you watch out for when using quotation marks?

Quotation marks are only ever used in pairs. Please note that the first quotation mark is placed at the bottom, the second following one at the top (in the English language both are placed at the top, so do not confuse them). Furthermore, quotation marks and their intervening content are considered to be one part, i.e. H. So there can be a comma after the pair of quotation marks, even if the sentence in between ends with a punctuation mark. Examples:

  • Comma after the statement:
    • "We're not coming today," they said and left.
  • Comma after question:
    • "What do you need the loan for?" The bank clerk asked me.
  • Comma when prompted:
    • He asked me: “Follow me!”, But I didn't know why.

When are single quotes used?

Single quotation marks are used if more are used within the part that is already in quotation marks. An example of this would be:

  • She asked me: "Have you already read the book, The Angel‘? "

Otherwise, the simple characters are used in accordance with the above. Rules needed.

Further explanations relating to the topic of »quotation marks«

The following explanations fit the »use of quotation marks (quotes) in the German language« and could therefore also be interesting and helpful: