Soothe essential oils mosquito bites

This is how you treat mosquito bites correctly

Whether outside doing sports, sitting together on a mild summer evening or traveling: There are many occasions when we have to grapple with mosquitos. Often the one or the other stitch is not missing. Bergzeit magazine author and doctor Basti Fiedler reveals how to properly treat mosquito bites.

Whether during sport or in the garden at home in summer: it is often too late and the mosquitoes came down despite all the preventive measures. Then, for the sake of health and nerves, it is important to get relief and to treat the mosquito bites - as well as other insect bites - properly. Because mosquitoes can also transmit diseases. But what helps against mosquito bites? Which means bring the best relief and, in the best case, help the mosquito bites to heal faster?

Ointments for mosquito bites

How mosquito bites are treated in humans depends on the type of bite. You can calm a single, slightly itchy bite by cooling it. With many and severely itchy bites, on the other hand, often only creams and ointments help. How you do this depends on how your body reacts. In any case, the following applies to all stitches: Do not scratch!

1. Slightly itchy and reddened stitches

It often helps with slightly itchy, reddened stitches Cold pack from the freezer. Caution: When cooling, make sure that the ice is wrapped in a cloth and never comes into direct contact with the body. Otherwise your skin can be damaged. An alternative to the cold pack are moist compresses, ideally with a swab soaked in disinfectant. This also prevents inflammation of the puncture site.

2. Severe itching with reddening and wheal formation

As soon as wheals form or the sting becomes more itchy, so-called Antihistamine ointmentssuch as Fenistil®, provide a remedy. These ointments block the histamine in the tissue, which is responsible for the local reaction. Redness, itching and swelling go down.

Cortisone creams and ointments act similar. Applied locally, they slow down the immune system and thus also the messenger substances that react to the insecticide. You can get both antihistamine ointments and cortisone creams in the pharmacy.

3. Pronounced itching, very severe redness and wheals or many stitches

Antihistamine ointments are also available in Tablet formso that the effect is not limited locally, but affects several and / or strong stings. Cortisone is also available in tablet form and can relieve your symptoms if there are large accumulations of stings. You can also get the mentioned tablet forms in the pharmacy.

If you know that you react strongly to bites, it is best to keep the medication at home as a reserve. If necessary, they can be taken in the prescribed dosage after prior clarification with your doctor and quickly help against itching and swelling.

Home remedies for mosquito bites

In addition to the common remedies from the pharmacy or drugstore, there are also some more or less proven home remedies with which you can naturally treat the itching or mosquito bites. But which of them actually help?

Attention: The following advice is not scientifically founded, but is based solely on personal experience and experiences from the environment.

Onion wrap: Can actually relieve the symptoms somewhat, as onions contain disinfecting agents. The evaporation of essential oils causes a certain amount of cooling. However, the effect usually only works for a short time.

Ice pack: The positive effects of cold have been proven. The local cooling of ice on the skin slows down the reaction of the immune system somewhat and alleviates symptoms such as reddening or itching. Caution - never put the ice directly on the skin, as frostbite can occur!

spit: Spit is the most common and easiest remedy for mosquito bites and yes - it actually relieves symptoms. But unfortunately only for a very short moment. The principle is also based on local cooling through evaporation of the spit on the skin. Similar to an ice pack, only much shorter.

Liquor wrap: The high percentage alcohol creates a cooling effect when it evaporates on the skin. The cooling leads to short-term symptom relief without eliminating the cause.

daisy: A common tip on the Internet - you should put the daisy on the stitch and the oils it contains are supposed to help here too. However, it has not been shown to be effective in self-experiment.

Aloe Vera Cream: In my opinion, applying aloe vera is not for the acute phase, as the cream can also lead to an infection by "sealing" the mosquito bite. After the acute phase has subsided, however, the subsequent skin care can help!

Heat / warmth: The tip is circulating on the Internet to heat mosquito bites with a hot spoon or something similar. I would advise against this. A mild heating as it is z. B. caused by mosquito pens should lead to a destruction of the poison proteins. Actual burnout, however, is dangerous as it can additionally lead to severe burns, infection, and ugly scars!

Two successful principles

There are an infinite number of home remedies for mosquito bites - some effective, some ineffective. In summary, two principles are successful in relieving the symptoms:

What does that mean? Most home remedies that either cool or disinfect in some way can relieve symptoms. However, one should also note that all manipulation of mosquito bites can lead to deterioration and, in the worst case, to infection. So sometimes less is more!

tip: A mosquito net, mosquito repellent clothing as well as insect sprays etc. are always recommended when traveling for several days through mosquito areas!

Treat scratched or infected mosquito bites

Scratching the stitches increases the itching. In addition, the skin is damaged and bacteria can get deeper. This can lead to infection of the stab site.

This is particularly dangerous when a sterile wound dressing is not possible in remote travel regions or in the wilderness. The wound could become infected and, in the worst case, blood poisoning could result. With open stitches, you must therefore ensure that the wound dressing is clean and that the wound is properly cared for.

The tips for treating mosquito bites at a glance

  • step 1 (single, uncomplicated prick): local cooling, not scratching, avoid further skin irritations
  • Level 2 (several or very itchy stitches): antihistamine ointment (e.g. Fenistil┬«), cortisone cream if necessary
  • level 3 (pronounced itching, multiple stings, allergic reaction): antihistamine or cortisone as tablets
  • infected / inflamed stings: clean wound dressings

What to do if you have a mosquito bite allergy?

If allergic reactions occur, it is an emergency, depending on the severity. An allergy is always an excessive immune reaction of the body to a foreign agent that is classified as dangerous. Depending on the severity and symptoms, the allergy can be treated with tablets under medical supervision.

Signs of an allergic reaction include:

  • Involvement of the respiratory tract (runny nose to acute shortness of breath)
  • Involvement of the skin (rash also in places other than the puncture site)
  • Involvement of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting)
  • Involvement of the cardiovascular system (increased blood pressure, palpitations, ...)

Treatment by the doctor usually consists of:

  • high-dose cortisone (in tablet form or as an infusion)
  • high-dose antihistamine (in tablet form or as an infusion)
  • additive: symptomatic measures (blood pressure regulation, breathing regulation, etc.)

If you are known to have a mosquito bite allergy, the doctor will often give you an "emergency kit" so that you can take the appropriate medication yourself in the worst-case scenario.

Why do mosquito bites itch anyway?

During the bite, substances are secreted by the mosquitoes into the bite canal, which thin the blood in the area and are recognized by the body as a foreign substance. This activates the human immune system.

The body releases messenger substances that fight the secreted foreign substances and, as a side effect, cause reddening, swelling / wheals and itching. A treatment against itching does not really work against the "poison" of mosquitoes, but against the reactions triggered by your own body.

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