Is KFC Halal in Pakistan and Qatar

KFC

American fast food restaurant chain
This article is about the fast food chicken restaurant chain. For other uses, see KFC (disambiguation).

Artsubsidiary
Industryrestaurant
genreFast food restaurant
Founded
  • Sanders Court & Café:
    March 20, 1930 ;; 90 years ago (1930-03-20)
    North Corbin, Kentucky
  • First franchise:
    September 24, 1952 ;; 68 years ago (1952-09-24)
    Salt Lake City, Utah
founderColonel Harland Sanders
Pete Harman
headquarters1441 Gardiner Lane
Louisville, Kentucky, USA
Dallas, Texas, USA (global)
22,621 (2015)
  • Tony Lowings CEO and President
  • Monica Rothgery COO
  • Catherine Tan CMO
  • Staci Rawls CCO
Products
  • Fried chicken
  • hamburger
  • Chicken sandwiches
  • wraps
  • French fries
  • Soft drinks
  • Salads
  • dessert
  • breakfast
  • Milkshakes
revenue$ 23 billion (2013)
parentYum! Brands
websitewww.kfc.com

KFC (short for Kentucky Fried Chicken) is an American fast food restaurant chain headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky that specializes in fried chicken. After McDonald's, it is the second largest restaurant chain in the world (measured by sales) with 22,621 locations worldwide in 150 countries (as of December 2019)[To update]. The chain is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, a restaurant company that also owns the Pizza Hut, Taco Bell and WingStreet chains.

KFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who started selling fried chicken at his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky during the Great Depression. Sanders saw the potential of the restaurant franchise and the first Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise opened in 1952 in Utah. KFC spread chicken to the fast food industry and diversified the market by challenging the established dominance of the hamburger. By branding himself as "Colonel Sanders," Harland became a prominent figure in American cultural history, and his image is widely used in KFC advertising to this day. However, the company's rapid expansion overwhelmed the aging Sanders and sold them to a group of investors in 1964 led by John Y. Brown Jr. and Jack C. Massey.

KFC was one of the first American fast food chains to expand internationally, opening branches in Canada, Great Britain, Mexico and Jamaica in the mid-1960s. The company experienced mixed fortunes domestically in the 1970s and 1980s as it went through a series of changes in corporate responsibility with little or no experience in the restaurant business. In the early 1970s, KFC was sold to the liquor retailer Heublein, owned by the R.J. Reynolds Food and Tobacco Conglomerate; This company sold the chain to PepsiCo. However, the chain continued to expand overseas and opened in 1987 as the first western restaurant chain in China. In China, the company's largest single market, the company has grown rapidly since then. PepsiCo spun off its restaurant division as Tricon Global Restaurants and later changed to Yum! Brands.

KFC's original product is pressure-fried chicken pieces, seasoned with Sander's recipe with 11 herbs and spices. The ingredients of the recipe are a trade secret. Larger servings of fried chicken are served in a cardboard bucket, which has become a part of the chain since its inception by franchisee Pete Harman in 1957. Since the early 1990s, KFC has expanded its menu to include other chicken products such as chicken fillet sandwiches and wraps, as well as salads and side dishes such as french fries and coleslaw, desserts and soft drinks; The latter is often supplied by PepsiCo. KFC is known for its slogans "It's Finger Lickin 'Good!", "Nobody Makes Chicken Like KFC" and "As Good".

history

Main article: History of KFC

The Harland Sanders Cafe and Museum in Corbin, Kentucky

Harland Sanders was born in 1890 and grew up on a farm outside of Henryville, Indiana (near Louisville, Kentucky). When Sanders was five years old, his father died, forcing his mother to work in a canning factory. This left Sanders, the eldest son, to care for his two younger siblings. After he was seven years old, his mother taught him to cook. After leaving the family home at the age of 13, Sanders completed several professions with mixed success. In 1930 he took over a Shell gas station on US Route 25 just outside North Corbin, Kentucky, a small town on the edge of the Appalachian Mountains. Here he first served the travelers the recipes he had learned as a child: roast chicken and other dishes such as steaks and country ham. After serving at his own dining table for four years, Sanders bought the larger gas station across the street and expanded it to six tables. By 1936, this had proven successful enough for Sanders to receive the honorary title of Colonel of Kentucky from Governor Ruby Laffoon. In 1937, he expanded his restaurant to 142 seats and added a motel he bought across the street and named it Sanders Court & Café.

Sanders was dissatisfied with the 35 minutes it took to cook his chicken in an iron pan, but he refused to deep-fry the chicken which, in his opinion, detracted from the quality of the product. If he pre-cooked the chicken before ordering, there was sometimes waste at the end of the day. In 1939, the first commercial pressure cookers were launched, primarily intended for steaming vegetables. Sanders bought one and converted it into a pressure fryer, which he then used to fry chicken. The new method reduced production time to be comparable to deep-frying, while Sanders maintained the quality of fried chicken, according to Sanders.

In July 1940, Sanders announced what became known as his "original recipe" of 11 herbs and spices. Although he never made the recipe public, he did admit the use of salt and pepper, claiming the ingredients "are on everyone's shelf". After Sanders was returned to service as a Colonel in Kentucky by Governor Lawrence Wetherby in 1950, he began putting the part on. He grew a goatee and wore a black frock coat (later changed to a white suit) and a tie, and referred to himself as a "colonel." "His employees agreed to the change of title," first jokingly and then seriously, "he said Biographer Josh Ozersky.

Harland Sanders in character as "The Colonel"

The Sanders Court & Café generally served travelers. When the route planned for Interstate 75 bypassed Corbin in 1955, Sanders sold his real estate and traveled to the United States to sell his chicken recipe to restaurant owners. Independent restaurants would pay four (later five) cents for each chicken as a franchise fee in exchange for Sanders' "secret blend of herbs and spices" and the right to put his recipe on their menus and use his name and likeness for promotional purposes . As early as 1952, he had successfully given his recipe to his friend Pete Harman from South Salt Lake, Utah, who runs one of the largest restaurants in the city.

Don Anderson, a sign painter hired by Harman, coined the name "Kentucky Fried Chicken". For Harman, the addition of KFC was a way to differentiate his restaurant from competitors. A product from Kentucky was exotic, reminiscent of southern hospitality. Harman marked the phrase "It's good to lick your fingers" which eventually became the company-wide slogan. He also introduced the "bucket flour" in 1957 (14 pieces of chicken, five rolls and half a liter of sauce in a cardboard bucket). Serving typical food in a paper bucket should become an icon of the company.

There were 600 KFC restaurants by 1963, making the company the largest fast food establishment in the United States. KFC popularized chicken in the fast food industry and diversified the market by challenging the established dominance of the hamburger.

In 1964, Sanders sold the company for $ 2 million (around $ 17 million in 2020) to a group of investors led by John Y. Brown Jr. and Jack C. Massey. The contract included a lifelong salary for Sanders and an agreement that he would be the company's quality controller and trademark. The chain had reached 3,000 stores in 48 different countries by 1970. In July 1971, Brown sold the company for $ 285 million (approximately $ 1.8 billion in 2020) to Connecticut-based Heublein, a packaged food and beverage company. Sanders died in 1980, and his advertising work made him a prominent figure in American cultural history. At the time of his death, there were an estimated 6,000 KFC stores in 48 different countries around the world with annual sales of $ 2 billion.

In 1982 Heublein was taken over by R. J. Reynolds, the tobacco giant. In July 1986, Reynolds sold KFC to PepsiCo for $ 850 million (around $ 2.0 billion in 2020). PepsiCo made the chain part of their restaurant division alongside Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. The Chinese market was entered in November 1987 with a branch in Beijing.

In 1991 the name KFC was officially adopted, although it was already widely known thanks to this initialism. Kyle Craig, president of KFC US, admitted the change was an attempt to disassociate the chain from the unhealthy connotations of "fried". In the early 1990s, a number of successful flagship products were introduced across the chain, including spicy "Hot Wings" (introduced in 1990), popcorn chicken (1992) and internationally the "Zinger", a spicy chicken fillet sandwich (1993). By 1994, KFC had 5,149 stores in the US and a total of 9,407 with over 100,000 employees. In August 1997, PepsiCo spun off its restaurant business as a public company valued at $ 4.5 billion (approximately $ 7.3 billion in 2020). The new company was called Tricon Global Restaurants, and at the time it had 30,000 outlets and annual sales of $ 10 billion (around $ 16 billion in 2020). This makes it the second largest company in the world after McDonald's. Tricon was created in Yum! Brands in May 2002.

Until 2015, the company struggled after losing its business to other retailers and being outperformed by Chick-fil-A as the leading chicken retailer in the US three years earlier. To counteract this, the company started a new initiative with the plan to revise packaging, decor and uniforms and to expand the menu. In addition, a new commercial series with Darrell Hammond as Colonel Sanders was started in May 2015. In a planned rotation of actors, Norm Macdonald, Jim Gaffigan, George Hamilton and Rob Riggle Sanders portrayed in similar ads in the fall of 2016. In January 2018, country music icon Reba McEntire was selected as the first female Colonel Sanders by KFC.

Operations

See also: List of countries with KFC franchises

Map of the countries with a KFC franchise as of November 2019

A stand-alone KFC drive-through unit in Australia

A KFC store in Quito, Ecuador; the largest market for the chain in the Caribbean and South America.

A KFC restaurant in Al Khor in rural Qatar

KFC is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, one of the largest restaurant companies in the world. KFC had sales of $ 23 billion in 2013. KFC is headquartered at 1441 Gardiner Lane in Louisville, Kentucky, in a three-story colonial building known colloquially as the "White House" because of its resemblance to the US President's house. Headquarters contains executive offices and the company's research and development facilities. KFC is incorporated at 1209 North Orange St, Wilmington, Delaware.

KFC Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.

As of December 2013, there were 18,875 KFC branches in 118 countries and territories worldwide. There are 4,563 stores in China, 4,491 in the US and 9,821 in the rest of the world. The outlets are owned by franchisees or directly by the company. Eleven percent of the branches are owned by the company, the rest are operated by franchisees. Though capital intensive, the equity stake enables the chain to expand more quickly.

Most restaurants have pictures of the company's founder, Colonel Harland Sanders. Many stand-alone KFC sales outlets offer take-away and take-away meals as well as a drive-through option. KFC offers a limited delivery service in a few markets. Units include express concessions and kiosks with a limited menu that operate in nontraditional locations such as gas stations, convenience stores, stadiums, theme parks, and colleges where a full point of sale would not be practical. The average annual revenue per unit in 2013 was $ 1.2 million. Globally, the average daily number of grocery orders at a point of sale is 250, with most being within a two-hour peak time.

As Director and CEO of Yum !, Greg Creed has ultimate responsibility for the operations of the KFC. Sam Su is the chairman and CEO of Yum! Chinese operations, and Tony Lowings is President and CEO of KFC, replacing Roger Eaton, who retired in 2018. David Gibbs is President, CFO and COO of Yum! Brands, Inc. On March 7, 2019, KFC announced a new executive position as Chief Communications Officer and will be filled by Staci Rawls.

Africa

KFC restaurant in Quatre Bornes, Mauritius

KFC restaurant in Ilorin, Kwara, Nigeria

The company hopes to expand its operations in Africa, where it is already a regional leader among US fast food chains. The company is slowly expanding on the African continent and opening 70 branches. However, progress has been hampered by procurement issues such as the lack of quality suppliers. The first three African countries to open KFC were South Africa in 1971, Egypt in 1973 and Mauritius in 1983. Mauritius has over 21 KFC branches.

Asia

KFC is a major fast food restaurant in Asia.

In Sri Lanka, KFC was introduced in Majestic City in 1995. As of December 2014, there were 25 KFC restaurants in Sri Lanka.

In 1977, Singapore opened the first KFC franchise along Somerset Road. In 1993, KFC Singapore was the first KFC in Asia to develop the Zinger and bring it to market. KFC restaurants in Singapore are currently owned by KFC (Malaysia) Holdings Bhd.

In 2006, the first KFC branch was opened in Gulshan in Bangladesh. As of 2020 there will be 23 KFC branches in the country.

In Cambodia, KFC first opened on Monivong Boulevard in Phnom Penh in 2008.

In Myanmar, the first KFC store was officially opened in 2015 on Bogyoke Aung San Road in Yangon.

In 1967, KFC opened its first store in the Philippines.

In Taiwan, KFC entered the market in 1984 and opened its first store in Taipei in 1985. The 100th store in Taiwan opened in 1999. It was the second largest chain fast food restaurant in Taiwan until Mos Burger exceeded KFC outlets in 2008. Now KFC is the third largest chain fast food restaurant with 137 stores as of 2017.

Pakistan

KFC outlet, University Road, Sargodha

In 1997, KFC opened its first branch in Pakistan in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi. KFC is represented in 31 major cities in Pakistan with more than 92 branches across the country, including 23 in Karachi and 18 in Lahore.

The menu at KFC Pakistan consists of burgers, sandwiches, fried chicken, nuggets, hot wings, french fries, rice dishes, twister wraps and drinks. KFC in Pakistan introduced a new food called "Zingeratha", a fusion of Zinger and Paratha, a traditional bread in Pakistan. In January 2020, KFC Pakistan introduced Thai Sweet Chili Wings and Buffalo Wings.

China

Main article: KFC in China

KFC is the largest restaurant chain in China with 5,003 branches as of 2015. You will be welcomed by the Yum! China Division. KFC became the first western fast food company in China after opening its first store in Qianmen, Beijing, in November 1987.

Local foods include congee and mushroom salad with an average of 50 different menu items per shop.

In December 2012, the chain was accused of injecting antiviral drugs and growth hormones into poultry in breach of food safety regulations. As a result, the chain severed its relationship with 100 suppliers and agreed to "actively partner" with a government investigation into antibiotic use. KFC China's sales in January 2013 decreased by 41 percent compared to the previous year.To counteract the sluggish sales, the menu was revised in 2014.

In July 2014, the Chinese authorities shut down the OSI group in Shanghai on charges of supplying KFC with expired meat. Yum! immediately terminated his contract with the supplier, stating that the disclosure had resulted in a "significant [and] negative" decline in sales.

KFC opens its first branch in Tibet in March 2016.

India

KFC Outlet on Middleton Row in Kolkata

There are 350 KFC branches in India. The company has adapted the standard KFC offerings to Indian tastes. Menu options in India include the Hot & Crispy Chicken and Fiery Grilled Bucket, Chicken Zinger, Krushers, Rice Bowlz, and the recently launched 5-in-1 meal box. The business was re-licensed in October 2015 after Yum completed a year and a half exercise to reorganize its business among larger, well-capitalized franchisees. In this regard, about a third of the stores operated by multiple franchisees have been sold to a newly formed entity - Sapphire Foods India Pvt. Ltd. Ltd. The new company is owned by a consortium of four private equity funds led by Samara Capital. The other investors are CX Partners, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and a fourth fund, said a top manager in the local branch of the American food company.

The first Indian KFC was a two story store on fashionable Brigade Road in Bangalore in June 1995. According to journalist Michael White, the company could not have chosen a "more difficult place to first enter the country." Bangalore was the headquarters of the Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, one of the most influential, loudest and anti-foreign investment farmers' associations in the country. The first point of sale suffered protests from anti-globalization and environmental activists, as well as local farmers who objected to the chain's circumvention of local producers. Lots[quantify] Indians were concerned about the onslaught of consumption, the loss of national self-sufficiency and the disruption of indigenous traditions. The protests came to a head in August 1995 when the Bangalore branch was repeatedly raided. The KFC branch in Bangalore demanded and received a police car that had been permanently parked outside for a year. The store was closed on September 13, 1995 by local authorities who alleged the company illegally used high amounts of monosodium glutamate (MSG) in its food. The outlet reopened a few hours later on an appeal by KFC to the Karnataka Supreme Court. The company stated the recipe was no different from the one used in another KFC store. Rural activist M.D. Nanjundaswamy claimed that KFC was harming the health of the impoverished by diverting grain from poor people to make the more profitable animal feed. The environmentalist Maneka Gandhi joined the anti-KFC movement. A second branch opened in Delhi but closed by authorities in November, allegedly for health reasons, but more likely to avoid a repeat of the Bangalore incident. The Delhi branch was soon closed for good.

KFC began expansion outside of Bangalore in 2004 with a localized menu that was the largest meat-free menu in the chain's operations worldwide. A vegetarian menu was introduced that included rice dishes, wraps and side dishes and, like McDonald's, served egg-free mayonnaise and sauces. Unnat Varma, Marketing Director of KFC India, said: "The vegetarian offerings have made the brand more relevant to a larger segment of consumers and this is necessary for KFC to grow." KFC also began using Indian spices and cooking techniques to localize its chicken dishes. From 2008 to 2009 KFC operated 34 branches in India. In 2014, KFC launched the "So Veg, So Good" menu as part of an India-specific advertising strategy that focuses on improving the vegetarian range. The company has pushed a lot of innovations in the past few months with the launch of the first KFC chizza without a chicken crust in December 2016. More recently, KFC has hired Mumbai's Dabbawalas to supply its newly launched 5 inch 1 food boxes. Known for their efficient delivery of office lunches, the city's dabbawalas took on the role of KFC delivery drivers as part of an innovative marketing campaign. They provided some office-goers with custom-made 5-in-1 food boxes in place of their regular dabbas. The innovation efforts continued with the introduction of the Watt a Box, a practical reissue of the 5-in-1 meal box that can also be used to charge phones.

Indonesia

A counter at a KFC in Bandung, Indonesia

In Indonesia, KFC is the largest western restaurant chain with 466 branches in December 2013. The chain has grown to an estimated 32 percent market share. Menu items include spaghetti, wraps, and chicken porridge. The master franchisee is PT Fastfood Indonesia.

The first branch opened in 1979 on Melawai Street in Jakarta. The Salim Group, Indonesia's largest conglomerate, became the majority shareholder in 1990, providing the company with funds for greater expansion. Master franchisee PT Fastfood Indonesia was listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange in 1993.

Japan

Main article: KFC in Japan

KFC Japan was founded in 1970 as a joint venture between the American parent company and the Japanese Mitsubishi Corporation. In December 1974, KFC Japan began promoting fried chicken as a Christmas dinner. KFC's food at Christmas time has become a "traditional Christmas dinner". From 2013[To update]Japan is the third largest market for KFC after China and the USA with 1,200 branches.

In December 2007 Mitsubishi acquired a majority stake in KFC Japan in a transaction for 14.83 billion JPY.

Malaysia

KFC "Cheezy" wedges, only available in Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam. It was first introduced around 2005 and is one of the best-selling products in the country.

As one of the largest overseas markets, the Malaysian KFC started on January 1, 1973 in its first store in Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur. In 2016, the brand was crowned the largest fast food chain in Malaysia, dominating 45% of the local fast food market share. Traditional rival McDonald's follows in second place, while sister restaurant Pizza Hut ranks third. By 2018, the restaurant had built a strong presence in the country, which is estimated to have almost the same proportion of the total population of Malaysia with 25 million customers monthly from 14,000 employees.

2 pieces of "Hot & Spicy" chicken combo, served with Colonel Rice, coleslaw and Thai chili sauce; with KFC chicken nuggets with sour cream sauce in the top left of the picture. Similar to most Asian markets, the Malaysian KFC has also been offering rice on its menu since 2010. The Malaysian KFC rice is based on the local culinary tradition and takes inspiration from the local Hainan chicken rice. In addition, the KFC chicken nuggets originated in Malaysia before being expanded to many international outlets.

Similar to other international KFC markets, the Malaysian KFC offers a variety of localized and seasonal foods in addition to the universal KFC menu. The Malaysian KFC typically offers two types of fried chicken: Original and Hot & Spicy. In addition, other types of fried chicken and foods are regularly introduced to local consumers. Other regional products that are available on the Malaysian market all year round include Colonel rice (made from local chicken rice), rice porridge, popcorn chicken (available in original and spicy varieties), wrap, cheesy potato wedges and Gula Melaka vanilla pudding, white coffee and tarik. Malaysians mostly prefer dark cuts of meat, a departure from the American KFC, which observed higher demand for white meat. Since it is predominantly a Muslim country, all types of meat are slaughtered using the Halal method under the supervision of the Shariah Advisory Council and the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia.

The KFC business design in Malaysian generally offers a medium-sized dining option for the predominantly medium-sized Malaysian population. The premise is usually large-scale and able to accommodate the food culture prevalent in Malaysian society, as opposed to the mostly take-away model used in the American market. Many of the Malaysian KFCs also operate around the clock, offering drive-through and delivery services.

As of 2018, QSR Brands (M) Holdings Bhd, the company's shareholder in Malaysia, will also be responsible for managing 810 KFC branches in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Cambodia. More than 700 of these branches are located domestically in Malaysia. This makes the country one of the largest global markets for the fast food chain. The chain has grown rapidly since opening its 250th store in Malaysia on May 8, 1998 in Petronas Twin Towers, the 500th store in Subang on January 15, 2011 and the 700th restaurant in Seremban on September 18, 2018.

Additionally, the QSR brands are changing 380 Pizza Hut branches in Malaysia and 80 in Singapore, similar to some international developments. Many of these restaurants are traditionally paired with a KFC premise. The company is estimated to have sales of MYR 5 billion for KFC and Pizza Hut across the region in 2018, up from MYR 4.24 billion in 2016 and MYR 4.56 billion in 2017. During this period, the company posted a profit of MYR 182.98 million and MYR 113.44 million in 2016 and 2017, respectively.

In 1995, Projek Penyayang KFC was founded to provide food to more than 150 orphanages per quarter. The social service of the restaurant was then expanded with the introduction of Tabung Penyayang Fund in 1997, Add Hope Malaysia in 2006, and Add Hope Worldwide in 2007 as a means of supporting the local and international community.

The chain is also one of the earliest fast food restaurants in Malaysia employing people of different abilities on November 15, 1986 in Jalan Imbi, Kuala Lumpur (since moved to Sentul Raya, Jalan Ipoh in 1992). From the first fully operated KFC in the world, operated by employees with speech and hearing impairments in Kuala Lumpur, operations were expanded in 1996 to include the Malaysian operations in the Tanjung Aru (Kota Kinabalu) and Saujana (Kuching) branches. The model was also adopted by several KFC restaurants in Egypt, India, Pakistan, Singapore and Thailand. To date, the facility has employed more than 350 Malaysian people, the majority of whom are speech and hearing impaired.

KFC Malaysia is expected to see sales growth of 5% in 2019. 23 branches were opened in 2018, a further 36 branches in 2019 and a further 30 branches in 2020.

Europe

United Kingdom

A KFC in Belfast, Northern Ireland

In December 2013 there were 784 KFC branches in the UK. UK sales in 2013 were around £ 684.5m, according to Technomic. About 70 percent of the branches are operated by franchisees, the rest of the company. The company employs 24,000 people. Around 400 locations are transit points. Average outlet sales are between £ 1m and £ 1.5m.

Annual sales are 60,000 tons of chicken, 60 percent of which is purchased from the four largest suppliers in the UK, including Faccenda Group and 2 Sisters Food Group, and delivered fresh to points of sale at least three times a week. The remaining 40 percent comes from companies in Europe, Thailand (including Charoen Pokphand Foods), and Brazil. All of the original recipe chicken is from the UK.

England had KFC's first overseas office, opened in Preston, Lancashire, in May 1965, and was the country's first American fast food restaurant chain, nearly a decade before the arrival of McDonald's, Burger King and Pizza Hut. Ray Allen, a seasoned caterer in Lancashire, was the first franchisee. The first London office opened in North Finchley in November 1968. In 1971 there were 31 branches; In 1975 the chain had grown to 250 sales outlets. In the late 1970s and 1980s, KFCs began introducing seating. KFC opened its first drive-through restaurant in the UK in 1984. By 1987 the company had almost 400 branches.

In May 1997 the "Tower Burger" was launched in Great Britain for the first time, a fried chicken fillet sandwich with a hash brown. In 2006, the company stopped salting its french fries and removed trans fats from its products. In 2012, palm oil in fryers was replaced by rapeseed oil. Between 2004 and 2014, KFC UK expanded its range of "portable" foods: sandwiches, wraps and salads. During this period sales rose from around £ 500m to almost £ 1bn. In 2012, KFC UK invested £ 9 million to install ovens in all stores to enable grilled chicken to be served. In 2013, KFC launched Lavazza coffee in all UK branches. In February 2018, KFC 575 had to temporarily close its UK branches and restrict menus and opening times in other branches because the newly appointed distributor DHL was unable to deliver chicken to the branches. As of February 2019, KFC has around 110 Halal approved restaurants in the UK, comprising more than 900 units. In March 2020, the restaurant announced that it would temporarily close all of its stores in response to lockdown measures during the COVID-19 outbreak. On April 15, 2020, the store announced it would reopen some delivery service stores and donate free meals to the NHS.

Finland

KFC plans to open up to 50 franchise restaurants in 2019.

middle East

The first KFC in the Middle East opened in Kuwait in 1973. Today there are over 700 Halal-certified branches including the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Iraqi Kurdistan and Saudi Arabia. KFC Israel existed from 1993 to 2013 and offered kosher restaurants. In December 2019, KFC announced it would be back in Israel by Christmas and plans to open dozens of restaurants by 2020. In 2012, KFC opened in Ramallah in the Palestinian Authority[8] and later extended to Hebron,[9] Bethlehem,[10] Jenin,[11] and three separate branches in Ramallah: the Ersal (Bacri) branch, the Plaza Mall branch, and the Masyoun branch. In 2013, the New York Times reported that KFC had been smuggled into Gaza through tunnels.

North America

A KFC restaurant in White Rock, British Columbia, Canada

Canada

The first KFC opened in 1955 ;; 66 years ago (1955) in Saskatoon, Canada. In 1957, Colonel Harland Sanders gave an interview to CBC Radio about his experience with Canadian food that led to the opening of one of its restaurants in Canada.

In the 1970s, Alberta-based Burger King (not to be confused with the US company) had local franchise rights in Edmonton. However, as the market became more competitive, the relationship between the two companies deteriorated and KFC sought legal action to end the partnership. The matter was finally resolved in 1990 when KFC, then owned by PepsiCo, refused to renew the franchise and Jarvis and Rae instead sold their remaining two-branded restaurants to them.

In Quebec, KFC is known as the "PFK" due to the provincial government's Charter of the French Language that restricts the use of English on signs and in company names.

United States

A co-branded KFC Taco Bell in Oscoda, Michigan

Technomic estimated KFC sales in the United States to be US $ 4.22 billion in 2013.

The basic model for KFC in the US, not necessarily duplicated elsewhere, is a focus on low prices, a limited menu (29 items average), and an emphasis on take-out. Many KFC locations are along with Taco Bell or Pizza Hut or other Yum! Restaurants. If Yum! These brands were owned by Long John Silver's and A&W Restaurants and were often co-branded with KFC. Often times, these places act like a single restaurant, offering a menu with foods from both restaurant brands. In 2003 there were 354 KFC Taco Bell combines with the full KFC menu and Taco Bell items, and 13 units with the full KFC menu and a limited number of Pizza Hut items. The concept came about in 1991 when a KFC-Taco Bell combo opened in Virginia.Some locations also opened as combinations of KFC, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut, but this didn't catch on, and Yum! CEO David Novak blamed a lack of commitment on the part of franchisees for the lack of success.

Initially, Sanders and KFC used hydrogenated vegetable oil for frying, but in the 1980s the company began switching to cheaper oils like palm or soybean. In the 2000s, these oils were found to be relatively high in trans fat, which increases the risk of heart disease. By April 2007, the chain had switched to trans-fat-free soybean oil in all US branches.

In 2008, Novak attributed low US sales as a result of the lack of new ideas and menu items. The introduction of Kentucky Grilled Chicken in early 2009 only temporarily halted the decline in sales. In 2010, KFC announced a turnaround plan that included improving restaurant operations, introducing valuables, and providing healthier menu options. In the same year, Advertising age found that KFC was losing market share to its smaller chicken rival, Chick-fil-A. In 2011, Bloomberg News identified KFC US as "also involved in McDonald's Corp." In 2012, Forbes The magazine described how many of the KFC outlets were "aged and uninviting" and that the chain "hasn't introduced any exciting new food in years".

KFC was described by in 2012 Bloomberg Business Week as a "muscular player" in developing regions, particularly in Africa, China and India, while noting his declining market share in the US against rivals like Chick-fil-A and Popeyes. Some analysts speculated that KFC would spin off its troubled US operations. That year, the company began selling control of US owned restaurants to franchisees with the intention of reducing the company's total ownership from 35 percent to 5 percent.

Mexico

A KFC restaurant in Oaxaca City, Mexico

KFC was the first fast food restaurant to open in Mexico in 1963, in Monterrey. By 2017 there were 341 branches in the country.

Oceania

A KFC outlet in Derwent Park, a northern suburb of Hobart, Australia.

There are over 600 KFC branches in Australia and around 100 in New Zealand. KFC was the first American fast food chain to open in both countries. In 2013, KFC reported nearly A $ 2 billion in annual sales for its operations in Australia and New Zealand.

Australia

Yum! directly operates 160 KFC branches in Australia. The largest of the 53 independent franchisees in Australia is Collins Foods, which operates 169 stores. KFC's main poultry suppliers in Australia are Inghams, Steggles and Turi Foods.

The first Australian KFC opened in Guildford, a suburb of Sydney, in 1968. The franchise was owned by a Canadian entrepreneur named Bob Lapointe. 75 branches were opened between 1970 and 1971. This had a significant impact on Australian chicken production, which increased 38 percent over the period. By 1995 there were 452 branches and the company employed 12,000 people. That year, Australia generated 35 percent of KFC's international revenue.

New Zealand

The first KFC opened in New Zealand in 1971 in Royal Oak, a suburb of Auckland. By 1980 there were 37 sales outlets. In 1989, PepsiCo acquired the 50 percent stake in KFC New Zealand, which it did not already own, from the local Goodman Fielder conglomerate. In 1991 New Zealand sales exceeded NZD 100 million for the first time.

Products

KFC Shrimp Burger in KFC Vietnam, 2007

Hot Wings menu at KFC Berlin

KFCs Zinger served with crispy fries and Thai chilli sauce in Shah Alam, Malaysia. The Zinger entered the Malaysian market in April 1995.

KFC Dragon Twister, a wrap sold in China

The core product range of KFC are pressure-fried chicken pieces on the bone, seasoned with the "original recipe" by Colonel Harland Sanders made from 11 herbs and spices. The product is usually available in two- or three-piece single servings, or in a family-sized cardboard tub that typically holds between 6 and 16 pieces of chicken. In areas that follow the system passed down by Colonel Sanders, such as Canada and Great Britain, each chicken is divided into nine different cuts (2 drumsticks, 2 thighs, 2 wings, 2 chest pieces, and a keel), but one is now used in the United States eight-part cut. The product is breaded by hand in individual KFC branches, with wheat flour being mixed with spices in two to four minutes. It is then fried under pressure in oil at 185 degrees Celsius for seven to ten minutes (the timing varies from country to country). The chicken is then left to stand for 5 minutes to allow it to cool sufficiently before being placed in the holding oven. It is KFC's policy to discard chicken if it hasn't been sold within 90 minutes to ensure freshness. The frying oil varies regionally, and the versions used include sunflower, soybean, canola, and palm oils. A KFC manager said the chicken's taste will vary between regions, depending on the type of oil used and whether the chicken was fed corn or wheat.

In addition to the core range of Chicken on the Bone, KFC's main products also include chicken sandwiches (including Zinger and Tower); Wraps ("Twisters" and "Boxmasters"); and a variety of finger foods, including crispy strips of chicken and hot wings. Popcorn chicken is one of the most widely used KFC products and is made from small pieces of fried chicken. Chicken nuggets are also sold in some locations, for example in Australia and Malaysia.

KFC adapts its menu internationally to regional tastes and there are over three hundred KFC menu items worldwide. Some locations, such as the UK and US, sell grilled chicken. In predominantly Islamic countries, the chicken served is halal. In Asia, spicy foods like the Zinger Chicken Sandwich are preferred. In Thailand, the spice used for the core product chicken pieces is available as a hot and spicy version as an alternative to the classic KFC recipe. The hot and spicy coating not only has a spicier taste, but also a crispy consistency. Some locations in the US sell fried chicken livers and gizzards. A small number of US outlets offer an all-you-can-eat buffet with a limited menu.

A number of areas such as Japan, Jamaica, Trinidad, Barbados, Ecuador and Singapore sell fried seafood products under the Colonel's Catch banner. In Jamaica, the originally seasonal offer for Lent was expanded to include a year-round offer from 2010.

Value menu items are sold under the name "Streetwise" in places like Canada. Side dishes often include french fries, coleslaw, grilled beans, corn on the cob, mashed potatoes, rolls, and American biscuits. Salads include the bean salad, the Caesar salad, and the garden salad. KFC sells onion rings in a number of areas. In Asia, rice-based side dishes such as rice porridge are often sold. In the US and Greece, potato wedges are sold instead of french fries.

McCormick & Company is KFC's largest supplier of sauces, spices and marinades and a long-term partner in the development of new products.

Due to the company's previous relationship with PepsiCo, most territories supply PepsiCo products. Exceptional areas, however, are Barbados, Greece, New Zealand, the Philippines, Romania, South Africa and Turkey, which stock drinks from The Coca-Cola Company and Aruba which RC Cola stocks from Cott Corporation. In Peru, the locally popular Inca Kola is sold. In some Eastern European locations and in Portugal, beer is also offered in addition to non-alcoholic drinks.

Launched in 2009, the Krusher / Krushem range of frozen beverages with "real pieces" such as Kit Kat, Oreo and strawberry shortcake is available in over 2,000 sales outlets. Egg custard tart is a popular dessert around the world, but other products include ice cream sundaes and tres leches cakes in Peru.

In 2012, the international breakfast menu "KFC am" was introduced, including pancakes, waffles and porridge, as well as fried chicken.

On August 27, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia, KFC tested meatless wings and boneless nuggets.

The 11 herbs and spices

Main article: Original KFC recipe

KFC Original Recipe Fried Chicken

Sanders' original recipe of "11 Herbs and Spices" is one of the most famous trade secrets in the hospitality industry. The recipe is not patented because patent law requires disclosure of an invention and only offers protection for a strictly limited period of time, while trade secrets can remain the intellectual property of their owners in the long term.

A copy of the recipe, signed by Sanders, is kept in a vault in a vault at KFC Headquarters in Louisville along with eleven vials of herbs and spices. To keep the recipe confidential, half of it is made by Griffith Laboratories before handing it over to McCormick, who adds the second half.

In 1999, a couple who bought Colonel Sanders' former home found scribbled notes that supposedly were the secret recipe. Originally, KFC wanted to file a lawsuit against the couple to stop an auction of the banknotes. However, in early 2001 the lawsuit was dropped, alleging that the scrawled banknotes were "nowhere near" the original recipe.

Joe Ledington of Kentucky, a nephew of Colonel Sanders' marriage, claimed to have found a copy of the original KFC fried chicken recipe on a handwritten piece of paper in an envelope in a scrapbook. In August 2016 Chicago Tribune The staff carried out a cooking test of this recipe and, after a few attempts, claimed to have made fried chicken with the addition of the MSG flavor enhancer Ac'cent, which tasted "indistinguishable" from the chicken bought at KFC.

equipment

KFC first used saucepans with stovetops to roast their chicken. In the 1960s, the officially recommended model was the "KFC 20-Head Cooker" developed by LS Hartzog, a large device that cost $ 16,000. The Hartzog model did not have an oil filter system, which meant filtering had to be done manually and the pressure fryers occasionally exploded, often causing damage to staff. In 1969, inventor and engineer Winston L. Shelton developed the "Collectramatic" pressure fryer to overcome the problems KFC faced when frying chicken quickly to meet growing customer demand. The Collectramatic used precise time and temperature controls and filtered the cooking oil itself - while meeting Colonel Sanders' high standards. Fred Jeffries, then Vice President of Purchasing at KFC, claimed the invention helped fuel the company's rapid expansion and success:

Without the Collectramatic, there was no way it could have grown like KFC. The stores averaged $ 200,000 a year in sales for the pots ... but they could never have made $ 900,000 a year without Win's Fryer. He (Shelton) helped set the stage for this with real technical thinking.

Although a number of franchisees bought the Collectramatic, which Colonel Sanders supported from 1970 onwards, John Y. Brown had tacitly given franchisees permission to use only the older LS Hartzog deep fryer, saying, "Though those old pots were damn dangerous At least we knew they worked! I was mostly afraid that these new fryers would fail in the middle of the store. ”Brown warned franchisees that using the Collectramatic would be breaking their contract. Brown held his own on the matter until he learned that his father, John Y. Brown Sr., who owned several KFC franchises, was successfully using the Collectramatic in each of his franchises. The problem was eventually resolved after Heublein bought KFC, acquired Hartzog and canceled the contract. The Collectramatic has been an approved pressure fryer for KFC since 1972.

In 2013, KFC switched from Collectramatic cookers to Henny Penny pressure fryers, which KFC supplies with various devices. The 'Velocity' range of pressure fryers includes increased loading capacity, automatic oil filtration and longer oil life.

advertising

Main article: KFC advertising

Colonel Sanders was a key component of KFC advertising until his death in 1980. Despite his death, Sanders remains a key icon for the company as an "international symbol of hospitality". The company's first official slogans included "North America's Hospitality Dish" (from 1956) and "We fix Sundays seven nights a week". The slogan "finger licking 'well" was used from 1956 and became one of the most famous slogans of the 20th century. The brand expired in the USA in 2006. The first KFC logo was introduced in 1952 and included a Kentucky Fried Chicken font and a Colonel logo. In 1962, Dave Thomas took Colonel Sanders' bucket and turned it into a sign that spun in circular motions in front of almost every KFC.

Advertising played a key role at KFC after it was sold by Sanders, and the company began advertising on U.S. television in 1966 with a budget of $ 4 million. To fund nationwide advertising campaigns, the Kentucky Fried Chicken Advertising Co-Op was formed, with franchisees receiving ten votes and the company receiving three votes when deciding on budgets and campaigns. In 1969, KFC hired its first national advertising agency, Leo Burnett. A notable Burnett campaign in 1972 was the Barry Manilow jingle, "Get a Bucket of Chicken, Have a Keg of Fun". In 1976, KFC was one of the largest advertisers in the United States.

In December 2020, KFC unveiled the KFConsole, a new game console with a "chicken chamber" to keep food warm.

Controversy and criticism

See also: People for the ethical treatment of animals § Campaigns and consumer boycotts

Since the beginning of the 21st century, fast food has been criticized for its animal welfare, links to obesity and its environmental impact. Eric Schlosser's book Fast Food Nation (2002) and Morgan Spurlock's film Super size me (2004) reflected these concerns. Since 2003, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have been protesting against KFC's global selection of poultry suppliers. The exception is KFC Canada, which has signed an agreement that only "animal-friendly" suppliers should be used. Gregg Dedrick, president of KFC's U.S. division, said PETA characterized KFC as a poultry producer rather than a buyer of chickens. In 2008, Yum! explained: "As the main buyer of food, [Yum!] has the opportunity and responsibility to influence the way in which the animals delivered to us are treated. We take this responsibility very seriously and continuously monitor our suppliers."

In 2006, Greenpeace accused KFC Europe of sourcing the soybean for its chicken feed from Cargill, which had been accused of clearing large parts of the Amazon rainforest to grow the crop.

In 2010 after The guard"In the United States, where roast chicken is closely linked to centuries-old racist stereotypes about blacks in the once segregated South," KFC Australia aired the thirty-second television advertisement entitled "KFC's Cricket Survival Guide," which surrounds a cricket fan with fans from the opposing side Team. The broadcaster asks, "Do you need a tip if you are in an awkward situation?" The fan passes on his "bucket of KFC" despite the fact that the commercial was aimed at an Australian audience that found its way onto social media in the US and aroused severe disapproval. KFC Australia issued a statement on the fact that the commercial "was misinterpreted by a group of people in the US" and made a "lighthearted reference to the West Indian cricket team" and "The ad was reproduced online in the US without KFC . " Permission where we are told that there is a culturally based stereotype leading to false claims of racism ... We clearly condemn all forms of discrimination and have a proud history as one of the world's leading diversity employers. "

In May 2012, Greenpeace accused KFC of sourcing paper pulp for its food packaging from Indonesian rainforest wood. Independent forensic tests showed that some packages contained more than 50 percent blended tropical hardwood fibers sourced from Asia Pulp & Paper (APP).APP said such fibers can be found in recycled paper or, "They can also come from tree debris that is cleared after a forest area has been degraded, cut down or burned under a sustainable development plan. APP has strict policies and practices that ensure that only residues from legal plantation development on degraded or deforested forest areas and sustainable wood fibers enter the production supply chain. "KFC said:" From a global perspective, 60 percent of the paper products that Yum! (our parent company) sources come from sustainable sources . Our suppliers are working to manufacture them 100 percent. "

Protesters demonstrate outside a KFC restaurant in Royal Oak, Michigan.

In December 2012, the chain was criticized in China when it was discovered that a number of KFC suppliers had used growth hormone and excessive amounts of antibiotics on poultry in a way that violated Chinese law. In February 2013, Yum! CEO David Novak admitted that the scandal "lasted longer and was more impactful than we ever imagined". The problem is of great concern to Yum !, which makes almost half of its profits from China, mostly through the KFC brand. In March 2013, Yum! reported that sales had rebounded in February, but that lower sales in December and January would result in sales in the same store falling 20 percent in the first quarter.

In 2017 KFC was fined £ 950,000 after two workers in the UK were scalded by cooking hot sauce. The company admitted to being charged with employee due diligence and was sentenced by Teesside Crown Court to pay fines of £ 800,000 and £ 150,000, respectively.

In February 2018, logistics mismanagement by DHL, selected by KFC UK as its new delivery partner, caused a chicken shortage in the UK - KFC's largest market in Europe - and forced the company to temporarily close hundreds of restaurants across the country. KFC apologized by pulling out advertisements in UK newspapers rearranging the company's initials with "FCK" followed by an apology that was well received.

See also

  • Southern United States cuisine
  • List of fast food chicken restaurants
  • List of fast food restaurant chains
  • List of major employers in Louisville, Kentucky

Remarks

References

External links

Coordinates: 38 ° 11'53.0 "N. 85 ° 41'44.6" W. / 38.198056 ° N 85.695722 ° W. / 38.198056; -85.695722