What is the function of tooth enamel

Healthy teeth | What is the role of tooth enamel?

What is the Enamel? It is the outer layer of the teeth and covers the tooth crown. Tooth enamel is the hardest mineral tissue in the human body and around 95 percent is inorganic.

It consists for the most part of the acid-soluble hydroxylapitite phosphate and is composed of the individual mineral components magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, fat and protein. Tooth enamel consists of only four percent water and one percent organic substances. The enamel is usually up to 2.5 millimeters thick.

The enamel of the tooth forms the protective covering of the tooth. It protects teeth from irritation and damage as well as from caries and cold. If the enamel is damaged, the affected person's teeth are sensitive to pain, so that the teeth already hurt when the mouth is open or when eating. Damaged enamel also makes the tooth more susceptible to caries.

Acidic foods and drinks - sour fruit, sour sweets or sour fruit juices - can damage the enamel of the teeth. Therefore, teeth should be brushed within 30 minutes of eating. Since this does not always work, it is also possible to briefly rid the teeth of the acid with an apple or sugar-free chewing gum.

Excessive and vigorous brushing can also damage the tooth. To keep the enamel healthy, a healthy diet with lots of dairy products is also beneficial.

How can the enamel be treated if it is damaged?

The damage to the tooth enamel can be diagnosed by the dentist. The damaged enamel cannot be repaired again, only new enamel can be built up. This structure can be supported by using special preparations such as toothpastes with fluoride. But a calcium-rich diet can also promote rebuilding.